1. Arda, before and after the melting of the Lamps. Note that the Seas of Helcar and Ringol are at the longitudinal mid-line of the earth, where the Lamps were - the Lamps were formed of ice in an early conception of the story, and their meltwater formed the two inland seas.

(source: Fonstad, K. The Atlas of Middle-earth. New York: Houghton Mifflin. 1991. Reproduced without permission solely for purposes of discussion on TheOneRing.net.)

 

 

2. Arda at the time of the Waking of the Elves, after the destruction to the early world caused by the Battle of the Powers. Note that the Sea of Helcar is not shown as centered in the Great Lands, possibly because the artist wishes to show more details of the Western lands.

(source: Fonstad, K. The Atlas of Middle-earth. New York: Houghton Mifflin. 1991. Reproduced without permission solely for purposes of discussion on TheOneRing.net.)

 

 

Melkor Chained, by Roger Garland.

Reproduced without permission solely for purposes of discussion on TheOneRing.net.)

 

Map of the Westlands of Middle-earth. Version 1.

(Source: Galeria Tolkienianos. Reproduced without permission solely for purposes of discussion on TheOneRing.net.)

 

Map of the Westlands of Middle-earth. Version 2.

(Source: Galeria Tolkienianos. Reproduced without permission solely for purposes of discussion on TheOneRing.net.)