Terebinth or turpentine tree, small deciduous tree ( Pistacia terebinthus ) of the family Anacardiaceae ( sumac family), native to the Mediterranean region. It yielded probably the earliest-known form of turpentine, said to have been used in medicine by the ancient Greeks. The yield of the terebinth is now called Chian, Scio, or Cyprian turpentine.
It is beneath the terebinths of Mamre, where Abraham set up his tent, that we discover the spiritual genesis of the hospital. [Genesis 18:1, see also Genesis 13:18]