Wood Anemone: Anemone nemorosa, Family: Ranunculaceae. Synonyms: Crowfoot. Windflower. Smell Fox. The Wood Anemone is one of the earliest spring flowers. It has a long, tough, creeping root-stock, running just below the surface; it is the quick growth of this root-stock that causes the plant to spread so rapidly, forming large colonies in the moist soil of wood and thicket. The flower has no honey and little scent. Greek legends say that Anemos, the Wind, sends his namesakes the Anemones, in the earliest spring days as the heralds of his coming. Pliny affirmed that they only open when the wind blows, hence their name of Windflower, and the unfolding of the blossoms in the rough, windy days of March has been the theme of many poets:
that ne'er uncloses
Her lips until they're blown on by the wind.'
Wood Anemone or Wind Flower. Flowers around the Spring Equinox (22nd March) but can be as early as the first week of March. Heralds the arrival of Spring.
By late March the wood anemones and primroses are in full swing.