Book List of sources actually consulted.

as of October 1, 2006

(Works marked in red were on my original research list from June)


Anderson, Douglas A., ed, The Annotated Hobbit, London: Harper Collins, 1988.

Carpenter, Humphrey, Tolkien: A Biography, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1977

Chance, Jane, Tolkien's Art: A Mythology for England, New York: St. Martin's, 1979; 2nd ed., rev. and exp. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 2001.

Collins, David R, J R R Tolkien: Master of Fantasy, Minneapolis: Lerner, 1992.

Curry, Patrick, Defending Middle-earth: Tolkien, Myth, and Modernity, New York: St. Martin's, 1997. Houghton Mifflin, 2004, pb. edition.

Dickerson, Matthew T., Following Gandalf: Epic Battles and Moral Victory in The Lord of the Rings, Grand Rapids, Mi: Brazos Press, 2003

Flieger, Verlyn., Splintered Light: Logos and Language in Tolkien's World., Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1983; 2nd ed., rev. and exp. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 2002.

Fonstad, Karen Wynn, The Atlas of Middle-earth, Rev. ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1991.

Green, William H., The Hobbit: A Journey Into Maturity, New York: Twayne, 1995. Twayne's Masterworks Studies 149.

Harvey, David, The Song of Middle-earth: J R R Tolkiens Themes, Symbols and Myth, London: Unwin, 1985.

Jones, Leslie Ellen, Myth and Middle-earth: Exploring the legends behind J. R. R. Tolkien's The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings, Cold Spring Harbor, NY: Cold Spring Press, 2002

Kilby, Clyde S., Tolkien and the Silmarillion., Wheaton, Il: Harold Shaw, 1976.

Kocher, Paul H, Master of Middle-earth: The Fiction of J R R Tolkien, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1972

Lewis, Alex and Elizabeth Currie, The Uncharted Realms of Tolkien: A Critical Study of Text, Context, and Subtext in the Works of J.R.R, Tolkien. Oswestry: Medea, 2002.

Lobdell, Jared, England and Always: Tolkien's World of the Rings, Grand Rapids, Mi: W. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1981, 94 p

Lobdell, Jared., The World of the Rings: Language, Religion, and Adventure in Tolkien, La Salle, Il: Open Court, 2004.

Noel, Ruth S., The Mythology of Middle-earth: A Study of Tolkien's Mythology and Its Relationship to the Myths of the Ancient World, London: Thames & Hudson, 1977. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1977.

O'Neill, Timothy R., The Individuated Hobbit: Jung, Tolkien, and the archetypes of Middle Earth, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1979

Purtill, Richard L, J R R Tolkien: Myth, Morality, and Religion, San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1984.

Rosebury, Brian., Tolkien: A Cultural Phenomenon, Houndmills, Eng.: Palgrave Macmillan; New York: St. Martin's, 2003. Second edition of his Tolkien: A Critical Assessment (1992).

Rutledge, Fleming, The Battle for Middle Earth: Tolkien's divine design in The Lord of the Rings, Grand Rapids, Mi: W. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2004, 373 p

Shippey, Tom., J. R. R. Tolkien: Author of the Century, London: Harper, 2000; Boston: Houghton, 2001.

Shippey, Tom., The Road to Middle-earth, London: Allen & Unwin, 1982; Boston: Houghton, 1983. Rev. ed. London: Grafton, 1992; Boston: Houghton, 2003.

Shorto, Russell, J R R Tolkien: Man of Fantasy, New York: The Kipling Press, 1988.

Strachey, Barbara, Journeys of Frodo: An Atlas of J R R Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings, New York: Ballantine Books, 1981, 106 p.

White, Michael, The Life and Work of J.R.R. Tolkien, Indianapolis, IN: Alpha, 2002. [Published in Great Britain as Tolkien: A Biography. London: Little, Brown, 2001].

Wood, Ralph, The Gospel According to Tolkien: Visions of the Kingdom in Middle-Earth, Westminster John Knox Press, 2003


Books (Collections) with individual articles consulted, in some instances.

Anderson, Douglas A., Michael D. C. Drout, Verlyn Flieger, eds., Tolkien Studies: An Annual Scholarly Review, Volume 1, West Virginia U. Press, 2004

Markova, Olga, When Philology Becomes Ideology: The Russian Perspective of J. R. R. Tolkien

Anderson, Douglas A., Michael D. C. Drout, Verlyn Flieger, eds., Tolkien Studies: An Annual Scholarly Review, Volume 2, West Virginia U. Press, 2005

Battarbee, Keith J., ed., Scholarship and Fantasy: Proceedings of the Tolkien Phenomenon, May, 1992, Turku, Finland., Anglicana Turkuensia 12. Turku: U of Turku, 1993.

Flieger, Verlyn, The Green Man, the Green Knight, and Treebeard: Scholarship and Invention in Tolkiens Fiction.

Boyd, Ian, C.S.B., ed., J.R.R. Tolkien: Mythos and Modernity in Middle-Earth, Seton Hall University: South Orange, New Jersey, 2002. [Special issue of The Chesterton Review, 28.1 and 2].

Boyd, Ian, J.R.R. Tolkien: Mythos and Modernity in Middle-Earth.

Caldedcott, Stratford, The Horns of Hope: J.R.R. Tolkien and the Heroism of Hobbits.

Flieger, Verlyn, A Cautionary Tale.

Longenecker, Dwight, The Little Way through Middle Earth.

Chance, Jane, ed., Tolkien and the Invention of Myth: A Reader, The University Press of Kentucky. 2004. 340 pages. ISBN 0-8131-2301-1

Chance, Jane, ed., Tolkien the Medievalist., Routledge Studies in Medieval Religion and Culture 3. London: Routledge, 2003.

Clark, George, and Daniel Patrick Timmons, eds., J. R. R. Tolkien and His Literary Resonances: Views of Middle-Earth., Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2000.

Clark, George, J.R.R. Tolkien and the True Hero.

Evans, Jonathan, The Dragon-Lore of Middle-earth: Tolkien and Old English and Old Norse Tradition.

Flieger, Verlyn, Taking the Part of Trees: Eco-Conflict in Middle-earth.

Nelson, Charles W, The Sins of Middle-earth: Tolkiens Use of Medieval Allegory.

Sandner, David, "Joy Beyond the Walls of the World": The Secondary World-Making of J R R Tolkien and C. S. Lewis.

Shippey, Tom A, Orcs, Wraiths, Wights: Tolkiens Images of Evil.

Sly, Debbie, Weaving Nets of Gloom: "Darkness Profound" in Tolkien and Milton.

de Koster, Katie, ed., Readings on J R R Tolkien, San Diego: Greenhaven, 2000.

Kuznets, Lois R., Article, Reprint, Tolkien and the Rhetoric of Childhood. Excerpt.

Flieger, Verlyn, and Carl F. Hostetter, eds., Tolkien's Legendarium : Essays on The History of Middle-Earth, Westport: Greenwood, 2000. Contributions to the Study of Science Fiction and Fantasy 86.

Bratman, David, The Literary Value of The History of Middle-earth.

Haber, Karen, ed., Meditations on Middle-Earth, New York: St. Martin's, 2001.

Lobdell, Jared, ed., A Tolkien Compass, including J R R Tolkien's guide to the names in The Lord of the Rings, La Salle, Il: Open Court, 1975, 201 p.

Huttar, Charles A, Hell and the City: Tolkien and the Traditions of Western Literature.

Kauffman, U. Milo, Aspects of the Paradisiacal in Tolkien's Work.

Matthews, Dorothy, The Psychological Journey of Bilbo Baggins.

Miller, David M., Narrative Pattern in The Fellowship of the Ring.

Tolkien, J. R. R., Guide to the Names in the Lord of the Rings.

West, Richard C., The Interlace Structure of The Lord of the Rings.

Zimbardo, Rose A., and Neil D. Isaacs, eds., Understanding The Lord of the Rings : The Best of Tolkien Criticism, Boston: Houghton. Jul. 2004. c.304p.



Rearick III, Anderson, Why is the only good orc a dead orc? The dark face of racism examined in Tolkien's World, Modern Fiction Studies; Winter 2004, Vol. 50 Issue 4, p 814, 24p

St. Clair, Gloriana, Tolkien as Reviser: A Case Study, Proceedings of the J R R Tolkien Centenary Conference, ed. Reynolds and GoodKnight (1992), 145-50.