malloc(0)

malloc(0) can either return a null pointer or a pointer to a 0 length region of memory. We can deal with this variation in one of (at least) 3 ways.

My personal preference is to pick the third. Occasionally it is legitimate to allocate a 0 length object. In that case, we have to write:


	if( n == 0 ) {
	  p = 0;
	}
	else {
	  p = xnalloc(Type, n);
	}

However, fairly often when we are allocating a 0 length object it indicates the presence of a potential bug (n should never have been 0), or a performance optimization (if n is 0, then there is no work to be done, so don't execute the rest of the function).


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