e pluribus unum

SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19

Microbe Hunters (c.1926) by Paul de Kruif is the history from Leeuwenhoek's discovery of the microcosm, to Paul Ehrlich's "magic bullet" cures. Humans somehow managed to claw their way out of the quackery of the Dark Ages. This book explains how they did it with little more than candlesticks and glass. In these stressful times it is comforting and reassuring to read how these buggers were first discovered and and how various characters of all kinds made their marks in history by finding ways to deal with them. They were nit-pickers. They were obsessed with proving things. It is also interesting to see how apparently complementary yet equally valid ideas were feuding until the underlying rationale of their mutual importance was revealed (e.g. blood serum vs. phagocytes &c.).
2020-09-30 The U.S. Covid-19 death toll is now greater than sixty nine 9/11's. SARS-CoV-2 is the virus. COVID-19 is the pandemic. They are as different as Global Warming is to Climate Change. One is the cause, the other is the effect. Most common symptoms: Fever Loss of taste/smell Dry cough Fatigue. Common symptoms: Out of breath Congestion, runny nose Headache Chest tightness Nausea, vomiting Diarrhea, abdominal pain chills, body aches USC researchers have found the likely order in which COVID-19 symptoms first appear: fever, cough, muscle pain, and then nausea, and/or vomiting, and diarrhea. Pandemic Epidemic Plague The virus appears to spread primarily by entering the lungs from the air and infecting specific cells there. One study finds it first infecting the nasal passages. More recent reports suggest the nose is the primary route of infection, but with infections of the lungs resulting in more worse outcomes. Keep your nostriles plugged with tissue, and both your nose and mouth behind a mask. There are at least a couple reports of infection of cells in the gastrointestinal tract such as the small intestine. There is no indication that the virus will retreat in the Summer months. The virus will attach to the hACE2 receptors found in lungs, intestines, heart and kidneys. There is some evidence that the virus has been contracted from contaminated seating. It is widely agreed that droplets and aerosols are the main means of spreading Covid-19, however many are arguing that the virus has developed the capability of long distance flight: Coronavirus is Learning to Fly. Reports of transmission through air ducts and wide open spaces. The virus may no longer be confined to wet droplets and aerosols. More than 6 feet, less than a speech. Aerosol Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 "...these secretions can travel together for up to 27 feet, that it is feasible for SARS-CoV-2 to remain suspended in the air and viable for hours, that SARS-CoV-2 RNA can be recovered from air samples in hospitals, and that poor ventilation prolongs the amount of time that aerosols remain airborne" [be sure to read the comments] It is important, at the first sign of Covid-19 symptoms that you write down a list of all the people and places that you have interacted with. Put it aside and give it to health officials if you are diagnosed with Covid-19. You might want to write down your contacts even if the only symptom is a little malaise. Malaise is possibly an indication your body is responding to a viral attack. Or, every time you go somewhere mark it down on your calendar. Better yet, write a "Covid-19 plague diary" and note for every day everything that has happened. It might turn out to be valuable someday. If you need to wear a mask, you should not be there. If you need to be there, do not stay long. If you are not wearing a sterilized spacesuit, you are not safe. It is sad to see people on line in stores or post offices, often talking with others in-tow unnecessarily accompanying them. These extras, are just multiplying their and others risk which exponentially raises all of our risk. Others are shopping without shopping lists, browsing while exposing others or being increasing their own risk of being exposed and then exposing others... There is little hope for a species that cannot manage its own destiny. Current antibody tests (at best) will only tell you if your body's immune system has encountered the SARS-CoV-2 virus. They will not tell you if you were infected by an infectious dose or a sub-infectious dose of the virus. They will not tell you if you are still infectious. They will not tell you if you are safe to be around your grandmother. They definitely will not tell you that you, yourself, are safe. Perhaps the only thing they are good for, is telling ists where the virus has been and when. From that information they can learn something about it. The Covid-19 tests may not be much better than the anti-body tests. The PCR Coronavirus test for instance will only tell you if it detects the SARS-CoV-2 virus in your sample. Like the anti-body test, it will NOT tell you if you are currently infected, or infectious. It will only tell you if you have some particles of the SARS-CoV-2 virus DNA in your sample, but does NOT tell you if those particles are from live virii. The way to tell if you have live Coronavirus in your sample is to get a "culture test". This kind of test grows the virus from your sample in a suitable virus nutrient (blood culture etc). The virus must be alive to show positive in this kind of test.

Some Ways to Become Immune

1) Survive an infection. This is the "Conan the Barbarian" approach to immunization. Tra la la. Whatever happens happens. Then: "Whatever doesn't kill you, makes you stronger." But occasionally this survival comes at the heavy cost of permanent damage to tissues and organs and a shortened lifespan. 2) Sub-infectious doses build up a 'natural' immunity over time by training your immune system to recognize a pathogen. This is the "Russian Roulette" form of immunization. You're playing with fire while trying not to get burnt. But if you do get burnt, see method 1) above. 3) Vaccines This is the same basic idea as the 'natural' immunity but with less gambling. In principle vaccines are safer: whereas natural immunization uses sub-infectious doses to train your immune system to recognize and destroy a pathogen before it gains a foot-hold on your system, a vaccine uses a non-infectious dose to do the same thing. In principle risk of infection by a vaccine should be: zilch, zero, nil, nada. Vaccines are not entirely risk-free, but they offer much less risk than the possibility of being exposed to a full infectious dose of a deadly pathogen. But you do have to trust the people who make the vaccines to make safe ones. If don't trust anyone, then see method 1) above. 4) Herd immunity. This is the, "You just have to run faster than the guy next to you." form of immunity. It relies on someone else who is already immune- blocking the virus from getting to you. A lot of people would have to die before herd immunity would protect you. Can your conscience handle that? 5) Blocking and Jamming Custom designed molecules that act like crowbars or door jams in the virus' machinery blocking its ability to fool the immune system and/or its ability to connect to a receptor. These synthetic solutions seem to require more resources to develop, more testing, and more risks. 6) Supra-natural Genies in a Bottle Using synthetic nano-viruses to target and kill other viruses is just one possibility. This virus killing technology is expensive and time consuming to develop and harder to prove safe for deployment. Doesn't mean we can't do it better and faster than Mother Nature but we'd be fools to ignore her millions of years of experience. The risk of collateral damage is high. 7) &c. &c. &c. Feeling suicidal? Contact the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK (8255). Get your two bits worth, go for the full ride. Worldwide Coronavirus cases are now doubling every 45 days. I'm a Surgeon--And Why We Cannot Save You (youtube video) How it attacks your cells Good explanation of the course of infection (and minimum infectious dose) Virologist Explains Explanation of estimated vs. measured as opposed to actual death-rates for populations and subgroups High Blood Pressure Medication risk: ACE-inhibitors and ARBs. How the [covid-19] virus causes disease Mayo Clinic: Symptoms and Causes Malaise Heebie Jeebies Recovery, Immunity, ... Focus needed on Elder Care Facilities No response yet to nursing home outbreaks by fed. U.K. elderly being 'airbrushed' out of virus figures Abandoned bodies at NJ nursing home. A Clockwork Orange Compare the steepness of the case curves for your state to other states: 2020 coronavirus pandemic in the United States
Vitamin D deficiency raises risk by 77%, says study Frankenstein's Vaccine Persistence of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in plasma from an eligible blood donor Risks for Convalescent Plasma Transfusions Domesticating the Coronavirus Confirmed cases of SARS-CoV-2 in Animals in the United States Animals that can be infected with SARS-CoV-2 Dogs Trained to Detect Coronavirus Mpro inhibitor Ebselen shows promise Covid-19 from Second-hand Smoke(?) COVID-19 transmission rate on trains BSL-3 Biosafety Level 3 Microwave Decontamination Spike Protein Mutations Cell Entry Infects cells of the intestine Researchers report discovery of antibody starting points for SARS-CoV-2 vaccine Controlling the inflammatory response may be as important as targeting the virus. WHO: No evidence of immunity How does coronavirus kill? No evidence serological tests are useful Coronavirus zombies. A Weapon of Mass Destruction Cytokine Storm: damage control gone berserk Immune System Damages Organs Smokers and COPD have more ACE2 receptors ACE inhibitor Studies showing no increased risk: RAAS, statins, antiplatelets, beta-blockers, insulin, ACE inhibitors, ARBs ACE2 Cornavirus mutating Hospitals contaminated A positive antibody/serologic test does not mean you are cured. A positive antibody test does not mean you are safe to be around others. Covid-19 zombies: testing flip flops says S. Korea CDC Viral bonding with porphyrin and alteration of heme metabolism Doctor gambles on clot-busting drug to save virus patients CDC: Emerginge Infectuous Diseases Early Release May-Aug 2020 Sciencemag.org Detection infection in lung x-rays (not peer reviewed) Phylogenetic network analysis of SARS-CoV-2 genomes (A Tale of 3 Variants) founder effect Reduce the risk of transmission in outpatient settings Invisible spread of SARS-CoV-2 Comment Invisible spread of SARS-CoV-2 Author's Reply High Contagiousness and Rapid Spread Its genome may be stable (a good thing) SARS-CoV-2 Spike Glycoprotein MERS Vaccine that Fully Protects Mice Used as Basis for Coronavirus Candidate Device Could Detect SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus in Wastewater Who the hell did a tiger know to get tested so quickly? Trial drug blocks early stages of COVID-19 in engineered human tissues COVID-19 Vaccine Candidate Shows Promise in First Peer-Reviewed Research The Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19: What We Know So Far COVID-19 triggers Anthropgenic Climate Change Anthropgenic Climate UnChange Potential Influence of Climate Change on Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases transgenic mouse model for coronavirus CD209L (L-SIGN) is a receptor for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus Enhanced isolation of SARS-CoV-2 by TMPRSS2-expressing cells Rhubarb Emodin Blocks the SARS Coronavirus Spike Protein Viral proteins function as ion channels SARS-CoV-2 viral load and the severity DHS: Human infectious dose. (pdf) National Biodefense Analysis and Countermeasures Center SARS-CoV-2 mutation SARS-CoV-2 genebank sequence Pet transmission. No reliable information at this time. Food Safety: no reliable information at this time QBI Coronavirus Research Group Quinine Chloroquine Hydroxychloroquine Anthraquinones Chinese Rhubarb GISAID Genetic isolate Strain
City Responses to the 1918 Pandemic "Saddleback" fevers yield better outcomes First Confirmed Case of Reinfection Asymptomatic Covid Carriers weild Full-Strength Viral Load Asia 20200709 SNAFU FUBAR 81% found to be asymptomatic 1 in 6 labeled "recovered" still test positive US choir outbreak called ‘superspreader event’ in report Playing Whack-a-Mole with Mutations economic insights in epidemiological simulations/modeling How (Not) to Do an Antibody Survey for SARS-CoV-2 Epidemiology Spillover Infection Inoculum/Innoculation Vaccination Immunization Mathematical modelling of infectious disease Viral Load Reproduction Number Attack Rate Infectious Dose Vector Viral Shedding Vaccine Shedding (live virus vaccines) Contact tracing Minimal Infective Dose (MID) Plaque Forming Unit (PFU) Basic Reproduction Number Lipid Bilayer Fusion Super-spreader Novel Virus wastewater Early Warning of Asymptomatic Carriers Serotherapy/plasma therapy Types of Vaccines It has been presumed that patient zero had some kind of exposure to wild game and that "ground zero" was Wuhan, China. The proximal origin of SARS-CoV-2 This report that gives evidence of gastrointestinal cell infection: Evidence for gastrointestinal infection "Our results of SARS-CoV-2 RNA detection and intracellular staining of viral nucleocapsid protein in gastric, duodenal, and rectal epithelia demonstrate that SARS-CoV-2 infects these gastrointestinal glandular epithelial cells. Although viral RNA was also detected in esophageal mucous tissue, absence of viral nucleocapsid protein staining in esophageal mucosa indicates low viral infection in esophageal mucosa. After viral entry, virus-specific RNA and proteins are synthesized in the cytoplasm to assemble new virions, which can be released to the gastrointestinal tract." Trachea and Esophagus Are there ACE2 receptors on gastrointestinal glandular epithelial cells? Tissue distribution of ACE2 protein, the functional receptor for SARS coronavirus. Pathogenesis. "...ACE2 is abundantly present in humans in the epithelia of the lung and small intestine, which might provide possible routes of entry for the SARS-CoV." Proton-pump-Inhibitors: Omeprazole As An Additive For Coronavirus Therapy "...so it’s not just a simple “the more ACE2 the worse” situation. We don’t know what the other factors are, but there clearly are more than just ACE2 levels." Yale New Haven Health System Treatment Protocol "Atazanavir needs an acidic environment for absorption and therefore antacids, H2 blockers, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) should be avoided. If these agents must be given the administration should be separated as below: Atazanavir should be given 2 hours before or 1 hour after antacids Atazanavir should be given at the same time as the H2 blocker or the atazanavir should be given 10 hours after or 2 hours before the H2 blocker. For PPIs avoid concomitant use." When they used the PPI antacid to administer the drug Atazanavir, did they inadvertantly open up the floodgates for GI tract infection, cytokine and sympathetic storms? Molecular Mechanism of Evolution and Human Infection with SARS-CoV-2. Bats are the only mammal capable of self-sustained flight. They generate high body temperatures when they are flying which may explain why SARS-CoV-2 can survive higher human body temperatures (fever). "In addition, the spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 has a significantly lower free energy than that of SARS-CoV, suggesting that SARS-CoV-2 is more stable and may survive a higher temperature than SARS-CoV." The possible crossover from bats to humans via pangolins may have been ruled out. The search for the missing link between bats and humans continues since it is thought unlikely that humans are infected by SARS-CoV-2 directly from bats (the bat version of the virus is alittle different?). Other reports of other affected/infected areas: Liver Disease, Liver Damage, and COVID-19 Coronavirus "Respiratory symptoms are the most common presentation, but they're not the only early signs of COVID-19. Diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain were well documented and often preceded respiratory symptoms in a subset of 138 consecutive hospitalized patients in Wuhan, China. A recently published study also indicates that COVID-19 was detected in the stool of over 50% of infected hospitalized patients. Investigators found that the lamina propria of the stomach, duodenum, and rectum was edematous with infiltrating plasma cells and lymphocytes. Viral host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) and viral nucleocapsid protein stained positive in specimens, making gastrointestinal infection with COVID-19—and fecal-oral transmission—likely." Heart Damage in COVID-19 Patients Puzzles Doctors "Up to one in five hospitalized patients have signs of heart injury. Cardiologists are trying to learn whether the virus attacks the organ" "The question of whether the emerging heart problems are caused by the virus itself or are a byproduct of the body’s reaction to it has become one of the critical unknowns facing doctors as they race to understand the novel illness." Subsequent exposures implied airbourne routes: COVID-19 Outbreak Associated with Air Conditioning in Restaurant Smell loss: Clue to infection NIAID.NIH.GOV Nucleoside analogue Monoclonal antibody Convalescent Blood Plasma Gene therapy Estimated vs. actual vs. measured vs. unremediated vs. ... death rates (relative to cases, hospitalizations) 21% death rate in Tijuana The death or mortality rate relative to case or hospitalizations, ... The case rate will ideally predict the direction of hospitalization and death rates based on the recovery rate and other factors. The often cited "positivity rate" is the number of people who test positive divided by the number of people who were tested; it is a flaky number that depends on the quality of the testing and many other factors and should not be relied on for important decisions. SNAFU/FUBAR:CDC and 11 states acknowledge mixing results of viral and antibody tests
Intensive Care Unit (ICU)
WHO: Dexamethasone and Covid-19 Common Inexpensive Steroid Dexamethasone lowers risk in Covid-19 recovery Hydroxychloroquine-induced Acute Generalized Exanthematous Pustulosis With Positive Patch-Testing Acute left ventricular failure in a patient with hydroxychloroquine-induced cardiomyopathy Hydroxychloroquine-induced Erythroderma Hydroxychloroquine Retinopathy MIT's Open Source Ventilator Ventilators: "If they fail, the patient is very likely to die" Modes of mechanical ventilation Iron Lung Bag Valve Mask Negative room pressure BSL Biosafety Level Discovered: Metabolic Mechanism of Cytokine Storms Ventilation over-kill? Custom tailored antigen receptors grafted onto T cells poses the risk of cytokine storms: Natural Killer Cell Therapies Catch Up to CAR T Cytokine Release Syndrome Graft vs Host Disease Improperly designed or used ventilators can permanently damage lungs.
Face Masks, Gloves, Goggles, Shields,...
Counterfeit Masks How to avoid a blowup when guests refuse to wear masks Which side of a surgical mask faces outward? To Mask or not to mask. That is the [rhetorical] question. Protect your nose more than the mouth. Surgeon's masks come with fixed length ear loops. Fold back and staple these loops so the mask makes a tight fit. Bandanas and neck fleeces like balaclavas do not work. 7 Day Mask Rotation Think you cannot breath? Wear a face shield/visor. Face shields/visors will only block direct sprays, not aerosols (which can flow in around the sides). Is the face shield too restricting? Get an oxygen tank. There are cameras watching us all the time, and yet some people say that wearing masks imposes on their personal freedom. So do traffic lights and the Law of Gravity! Civilized living too restricting? See a psychiatrist. Maybe you just need to be tagged and returned to the wild. cannot survive outside of a group Do not Wear Deoderant! Face masks critical in preventing spread Barber invents shield on wheels for hair cutters. A Nurse and her Dog "four layers of protective gowns and gloves, three layers of shoe covers, two hats, two pairs of masks, goggles and a face shield" DIY facemasks used to supply Renton Washington during their shortage. Bandana Face Mask - two rubber bands and a bandana. No sewing. A problem with these bandana masks is that they put more pressure against the nose and mouth which restricts breathing. This probably increases your chance of infection as you huff and puff and suck harder to get air. You are forcing air deeper into your lungs. Your lungs become vacuum cleaner bags. This is why positive pressure masks are used. Most people will probably use the masks and gloves incorrectly which makes the situation even worse for the medical professionals who do know how to use them correctly but cannnot get them. I've seen people wearing face masks hugging other people. If you misuse the masks and gloves, you will further increase the burden on these already over-burdened professionals. And privatization of national infrastructures such as healthcare has lead to a heated competition for medical resources. If you can see the material on your mask moving in and out as you breath, it means the air cannnot get through the filter fast enough. Such a mask is possibly leaking air through the sides faster than the filter. This is worse than a plastic face shield because your mask begins acting like a vacuum cleaner bag. CDC NIOSH Guide to the Selection and Use of Particulate Respirators About KN95 Masks You might think a P100 filter mask is better than an N95 for Covid but you'd be wrong. 3M P100 masks are not designed for medical use. The one-way exhaust vent on the mask is prone to getting soaking wet from condensation and they sputter droplets while exhaling. Also the masks are impossible to talk through. You'll be pulling it on and off to talk to people making it less-than-ineffective for virus protection. Avoid anyone wearing masks with one-way valve exhalation vents! These valves are spraying the person's exhalations all over the place. Use N95 masks if you can find them (you should donate them to first responders). If you can only find the kind with an exhaust valve then wear a surgical mask over it. But do not abuse the N95 masks like this misguided priest who is wearing one incorrectly on top of his beard while shooting people with a holy water pistol. Decontaminate N95 masks with **dry** heat in a rice cooker How to wear a face mask (video) Gloves are only useful when you use them the right way. Disposable gloves may feel safe — but do not be deceived Even if supply were not a problem, using masks and gloves incorrectly can increase yours and others risk of getting infected (that much is a certainty). Preventing infection is not a reasonable goal for masks and gloves. At best, they can reduce the chance of you and others getting an infectious or lethal dose of the virus. Can the virus infect people through the digestive system? Or does it have to be airborne and enter the lungs via the throat or nose? Does it only infect the lungs and specifically the ACE2 receptors of the alveoli? Or does it affect other cells in the body, such as the small intestine. It is also important to distinguish carefully between the symptoms of infection and the symptoms of the immune system's response. Type/s of cells the novel coronavirus attacks ACE2 and TMPRSS2 are in bronchial branches (not peer reviewed) Progenitor Cell Bronchus Novel Coronavirus in Eye Can be Communicable Epidemiology, Clinical Spectrum and Implications for the Cardiovascular Clinician Surgical masks may help, but not as first line of defense "Instead, a more useful first-line measure for protecting the public may be to install more appropriate ventilation in public spaces such as supermarkets, Prof. Milton notes. It may also be helpful, he explains, to install UVC lighting by ceiling fans, a method that may kill some viral particles and bacteria that are sucked through the fans." Lessons from Hong Kong and Elsewhere Medieval plague masks Darth Vader Ventilator Warning: Shortwave ultraviolet light (UVC) is the dangerous kind that is blocked by the ozone layer. Are nitrile gloves better than latex gloves? Latex gloves seem to be harder to remove. Small "S" size gloves usually fit children, not adults. Do not use gloves that are too small, or you will spend too much effort taking them off and so spread contamination around. It may be unlikely the virus will survive in salty human sweat, but fumbling with the gloves while taking them off will smear any sputum or mucus that they have picked up off of surfaces. Even with talcum powder or cornstarch inside of nitrile gloves, they can be difficult to remove after your hands start sweating. Nitrile Glove Sizes WHO: Glove Use Information Pamphlet How to Don Disposable Gloves How to Doff Disposable Gloves
Toilet hygiene Tranmission by contact with same seating Hand-washing reduces Seasonal Coronavirus risk WHO: How to Wash Your Hands Hot water, detergent (you cannot get pHisohex anymore), and perhaps most importantly, lots of friction. Clean them enough to keep you and others from getting an infectious or lethal dose of the virus. Door knobs are usually considered the most contaminated areas but that might be more for bacteria than viruses. The details matter. Tobacco mozaic virus for instance is very resistant to UV. They say, to use soapy water because it dissolves the outer lipid layer of the virus. This sounds like certain death for the virus. Then why are not people using soapy water instead of chlorine bleach, 151 proof rum, 90% isopropyl, or 3% hydrogen peroxide (which is incredibly cheap to make)? Why does not ammonia cut the fat? I do not know. Do you? Do not guess. lockdown rise in poisonings from cleaners Why soap works (NYT paywall during Global Emergency) Antimicrobials Disinfectants for Use Against SARS-CoV-2 Persistence of coronaviruses on inanimate surfaces and their inactivation with biocidal agents Surgical and cotton masks seem to be ineffective... Powered Air Purifying Respirator (PAPR) Vaporized Hydrogen Peroxide Decontamination of N95 masks
Dental Problems Attributed to Isolation Stress WHO Recommends Postponing Routine Dental Work Do Aerosols Produced by Emergency and Urgent Dental Procedures Put People at Risk?
Negative-pressure Ventilation
If you are traveling in a car, open your fresh air vent and rear windows... If you live in a home with air ducts, sell it. COVID-19 Outbreak Associated with Air Conditioning in Restaurant "We conclude that in this outbreak, droplet transmission was prompted by air-conditioned ventilation. The key factor for infection was the direction of the airflow."
Infodemic: The Coronavirus from Outer Space Generation X Inherits $3.3 Trillion Covid-19 Debt Can people with heart disease exercise safely? It's a trap! Scams in between stimulus packages Do not Waste Billions of Your Tax Dollars on Quack Nostrums Schools With Only One Lesson Absentee voting ballots are being promoted to provide safety from Covid-19 in November. Beware of fake applications for absentee voting ballots being mailed out from fraudulent sources. Go to your state's voter registrar located at a secure ".gov" website to get a legitimate absentee voter ballot. States rush to expand broadband access Republican Bill Diverts Relief Funds to Border Wall Increased Risk of Power Outages Children being forced back to school. Swim or drown. Stimulus Debit Card Scam 25 fishing trawler crew test positive 86 fishing trawler crew test positive Protection Racketeers Brazil's President Blocks Covid Data Covid-19 has caused oil prices to plunge below zero as oil in the dynamic supply chain was stockpiled. Something similar happened in the dynamic food supply chain, except that livestock were euthanized rather than stockpiled. Superconducting medical MRI imaging machines are similar: they do not like to be suddenly turned 'Off'. Convicted felon wants you to enroll in COVID-19 clinical trial. What could go wrong? Economic stimulus "checks" delivered into the trash Convicts Manafort, Cohen, Avenati's Covid jailbreak Fifth Columnists: The Monsters Are Due on Maple Street Covid releasing white collar convicts COVID-19's Denial of Service Attack Mission Control's Countdown to Economic Reboot The Front Line Covid-19 death in indigenous Brazilian Amazon tribe COVID-19 fueling economic polarization The U.S. Proudly supports hostages in North Korea's Truman Show during COVID-19 Retraction Watch: Hydroxychloroquine study did not meet standard Potential harms of chloroquines and azithromycin Telepresence robots are not covid19 vectors Boomeranging Bag Bans Typhoid Marys -----> Asymptomatic Carriers CDC: Recommendation Regarding the Use of Cloth Face Coverings The President's Coronavirus Guidelines for America Blindsided Broadsided Blinded Bunco Trick or Treat! Your money or your personal information. Paywalls during a National Emergency. Profiteers Net neutrality takes a hit: Those without broadband struggle. 1/3 Crew of French Aircraft Carrier Charles de Gaulle Infected U.S. Navy carrier Nimitz crew tests positive U.S. Navy carrier Roosevelt back on duty U.S. Navy carrier Roosevelt out of action due to COVID-19. Which way are we going. V-shaped, M-shaped, L-shaped.... U.S. Postal Workers Quarantined Coronavirus Was Not Bioengineered Pence wears mask after criticism Pence: "Sorry, not sorry." for not wearing mask. Fmr. Sec. of Defense Donald Rumsfeld's Gilead Sciences: bringing you the cure for whatever ails you. Since 2002. QuackWatch: Covid-19 scams, frauds, schemes, misinformation Threatened Wildlife Share More Viruses with Humans Italy: they 3D-printed ventilator parts they could not get. Manufacturer sues them. 8 Amazon Warehouses Test Positive For Coronavirus Reduction in Seismic Noise Indication of Pandemic Response Coronavirus and Global Warming Coronavirus: "an experiment with the Earth" Seattle Air Quality Improves, but... Be sure to install a wastewater heat-exchanger with your new bidet or bidet shower. The Andromeda Strain (fiction) - see a BSL-4 gasket-eating microbe    (fact) plastic-eating microbes
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-- Tracy Ullman